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Plants and Pest Problems: Links

Other Garden Websites


June Garden Chores

Interactive Vegetable Planting Calendar

Plants to Attract Beneficial Insects

Attracting Bees To Your Garden

Tomato Gardening: Tips and Hints

Tomato Gardening Basics

Sacramento Area Planting Guide for Flower and Vegetable Seeds

Asian Citrus Psyllid Info and Video


Quick Clicks

CA Native Plants For Your Area of CA

Plant Lists Categorized by their Water Needs

Plants For Dry Shade

Dave's Garden Plant Search

National Pesticide Information Center

Roses For Shade

The Top Ten Roses for Sacramento

100 Roses for the Valley and Foothills

Vegetable Planting Calendar

Storing Fruits and Vegetables

Tomato Taste Test Trials

Fruit Tree Varieties

Nut Tree Varieties

Fruit & Nut Harvest Dates

Fruit Taste Test Winners

Citrus Tree Info

Plants that Attract Beneficial Insects

Plants to Attract Pollinating Insects

20 Great Trees for the Sacramento Area

Small Trees for Small Yards

Shade Tree Selection Guide

Weather Websites

Fertilizer Ingredients (by brand)

Farmer Fred's 10 Garden Rules


The Drought and Your Garden

CA Native Plants Localized for Your Town:

Low Water Plant Trials: Results

Sacramento Smart Irrigation Scheduler

Gardening With Limited Water

Water Efficient Plants for Sacramento

Other Water Efficient Plant Resources

EPA Guide to Water-Smart Landscapes

Water-Wise CA Regional Garden Sites

Tips For Growing Native Plants



Tomato Gardening: Tips and Hints

Tomato Gardening Basics

Tomato Troubleshooting Tips

Blossom End Rot on Tomatoes

 Recipes for Your Home Grown Produce

Help Plants Beat the Heat

Grow your Own Popcorn !

How To Grow Giant Pumpkins
 Growing Winter Vegetables

Fruit Facts from the CA Rare Fruit Growers

Fruit and Nut Links from UC

Avocado Trees for Northern California?

How to Increase the Size of Your Table Grapes

How To Get Bigger Fruit From Your Fruit Trees

Citrus Tips from the Pros

UC: Growing Blueberries in the Sacramento Region

Blueberries for the Valley

Fruit Tree Care Calendar

Plant a Fruit Tree...Or Two!

Choosing and Planting Bare Root Fruit Trees

U.C. Davis Tips on Fruit Tree Pruning & Training

Growing Caneberries in the Sacramento Region

How To Prune Overgrown Deciduous Fruit Trees


Fall is Lawn Renovation Time

Best Soil Temperatures for Vegetable Seeds

Why Rotate Your Crops?

 Sacramento Area
Planting Guide for 
Flower and Vegetable 

Growing Fall/Winter Vegetables

Plants for Late Fall/Winter Color

Greenhouse Tomatoes in 
the Fall/Winter

Plants to Attract Beneficial Insects

Attracting Bees To Your Garden

UC Davis Arboretum All-Stars

 Easy Care Plants 
for Privacy

20 Great Trees for the Sacramento Area

Small Trees for 
Small Yards
                  Pruning Q&A's
Frost, Freeze Tips

Protecting Plants from Frost or Freeze

The Quick Guide: When a Frost is Forecast

Frost Protection for Citrus and Other Subtropical Plants

After a Freeze: What Should You Do in the Garden? 
Growing Winter Vegetables
Plants for Late Fall / Winter Color
Frost/Freeze Tips For Citrus
Best Soil Temperatures for Vegetable Seeds
Why Rotate Your Crops?
Plant a Fruit Tree...Or Two!
Choosing and Planting Bare Root Fruit Trees
Threat to Citrus Trees: the Asian Citrus Psyllid
Christmas Tree Care
Plants for Late Fall / Winter Color

Rose Pruning, California Style

Roses For Shade

The Top Ten Roses for Sacramento

100 Roses for the Valley and Foothills

Rose Planting Basics 


How Much Water Does Your Lawn and Garden Really Need?

Plant Lists Categorized by their Water Needs

Soil Solarization

Growing Fall/Winter Vegetables

Greenhouse Tomatoes in the Fall/Winter

Plants to Attract Beneficial Insects

Attracting Bees To Your Garden

20 Great Trees for the Sacramento Area

Small Trees for Small Yards

Hiring an Arborist: Tips from the Sacramento Tree Foundation

Landscaping Tips

UC Davis Arboretum All-Stars

Easy Care Plants for Privacy
 Shows for the Nose: Other Fragrant Plants

Deer Resistant Plants (Alleged)



The Garden "Good Guys"

Plants to Attract Beneficial Insects

Attracting Bees To Your Garden


Free Publications From UC's Farm and Garden Experts 



20 Great Trees for the Sacramento Area

Small Trees for Small Yards

Hiring an Arborist: Tips from the Sacramento Tree Foundation

Finding an ISA-Certified Arborist

After the storm: Leaning Trees Need Your Attention, Now!

Oak Tree Care

Planting Under Oaks

Pruning Q&A's

Christmas Tree Care


More Garden Features

Lifetime Master Gardener Fred Hoffman is the host of the "KFBK Garden
Show" on 1530-AM/93.1-FM KFBK in Sacramento, California each Sunday
morning from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. Pacfic Time, followed by "Get Growing" on
Talk 650 KSTE in Sacramento, 10 a.m. to Noon. At noon, it's the KSTE Farm Hour.
And, you can listen to all the shows, live, via the and websites.
Available as podcasts, too!
Previous editions of "The KFBK Garden Show" and "Get Growing".
Plus, for news about California agriculture, it's the KSTE Farm Hour.
New Podcast links for Itunes podcast users:
KFBK Garden Show
Get Growing
KSTE Farm Hour
Southern Sacramento and Northern San Joaquin County gardeners can also
get current gardening information from Fred in his Saturday gardening column
in the Lodi News-Sentinel.; also available at the Farmer Fred Rant! Blog page.


June 10: Quentyn Young, Manager - Fair Oaks Blvd Nursery: "Growing Hot Peppers", unusual edible vegetables you can grow now'. Preview of the June 16 Fair Oaks Horticulture Center Open Garden.

June 17: Horticultural Consultant Debbie Flower answers your toughest garden questions, including "Why are tomatoes, peppers and squash failing to set fruit?"

A Clue for the Garden Grappler

Visit the Farmer Fred Rant Blog Page for These Garden Tips and More:


Planting Your First Vegetable Garden? Some Tips

Terrific Tomato Tips

Some Vegetables Require Less Water Than Others

Interactive Vegetable Planting Calendar

Will Those Green Tomatoes Turn Red This Fall?

Before You Plant, Check the Soil Temperature

Make Your Own Planting Mix

Starting Tomatoes, Peppers From Seed

More Tips on Starting Tomatoes from Seed

Pepper Seeds Slow to Germinate? Some Tips

Heirloom Vegetables Are Better For You

Tomato Troubleshooter

Crop Rotation Plan for the Home Garden

Crop Rotation for the Garden, Pt. 2

The Hazards of Overfeeding Your Plants 

Hand-Pollinating Squash Plants

How to Grow Giant Pumpkins

Grow Your Own Popcorn



Avocado Trees for Sacramento? A Guide

Why Are My Oranges Splitting?

Frost/Freeze Protection Ideas for Citrus

Choosing and Planting Bare Root Fruit Trees

Mulch Under a Citrus Tree: Pros and Cons

Bareroot Fruit Tree Shopping? Buyer Beware!

Harvest Fruits By Look and Feel, Not the Calendar

Know Your Fruit Tree Rootstocks

Growing Blueberries in Container

Anatomy of a Professional Fruit Tasting

Why Are the Blackberries Turning White?


Bad Bugs, Diseases, Weeds:

Battling Tomato Hornworms

Every Season is Ant Season

The Green Fruit Beetles Are Back


A Cure for the Cherry Maggot?

Controlling Snails and Slugs

Peach Leaf Curl: It's Back!

Battling Peach Leaf Curl

Battling Sooty Mold & Scale on Citrus

Controlling Fungus Gnats on Houseplants

Crane Flies vs. Mosquitoes

Leaf Spot Problem? Here's What to Do

Cat Proofing Your Garden

Yellowjacket Fun Facts! Control Tips, Too

Weedkillers: Read the Label!



How To Find Garden Answers Online

Garden Shoes...or Gardening Shoes?

Tips for a Healthy Heart and Thwarting Type 2 Diabetes

The Garden Good Guys:

4 Plants to Attract Pollinators and Beneficials

Plants that Attract Beneficial Insects

Bring on the Bees!

Plants to Attract Pollinating Insects

This Blog is for the Birds

The Good Bug Hotel

What's Killing the Bees? A New Study Offers Clues

Landscaping, Lawns, Flowers

Fall Lawn Renovation

Plants For Dry Shade

Getting the Yard Ready for a Rain and Wind Storm

Watering Tips for Drip Irrigation

A Tour of Maple Rock Gardens

The Heart-Healthy Garden

Plants for Privacy

The Cure for Non-Performing Daffodils

WELO is coming. Start Planning to Save Water Now

Plants Wilting in the Heat? Check Before You Water

Water-Saving Tips For Your Yard

Get Rid of Your Lawn with Soil Solarization

How to Kill Your Lawn in 2 Easy Steps

Droopy Plants on a Hot Day. Water...or Not?


Trees and Shrubs

How To Stake a New Tree

Holy Jumping Oak Galls, Batman!


 Fall & Winter:

Rain Draining Strategies to Save Your Home and Garden

Winter Storms and Tree Troubles

What to Do AFTER a Hard Freeze

What to Do When a Hard Freeze is Forecast

New Year's Resolutions for Gardeners

Persimmons: THE Edible Ornamental of Fall

Innovative Peach Leaf Curl Controls

Frost, Freezes Ahead. Get Your Yard Ready

After a Freeze, What Should a Gardener Do?

Fall-Winter Houseplant Care Tips

Drain the Rain Away from the House & Garden

Get Your Garden Storm-Ready

What to Do in Your Yard AFTER the Storm

Tips for the Fall-Winter Vegetable Garden

Add Color for the Cold, Gray Days of Winter

 Winter Storms and Trees: Inspect Them Now!

How to Grow Oak Trees from Acorns

What NOT to do in the Garden in Fall

Dead Foliage Now? Leaf it Alone!

Problem Plants

Have Horses? Avoid These Plants!

Safe Plants for You, But They're Poison to Your Pets

Mistletoe Control Tips


Garden Data (through June 15, 2018)

Avg. evapotranspiration rate this past week : 1.85-.1.9" valley; 1.8-1.9" foothills.

Soil Temperature: 69-78 (F) valley. 72(F) low foothills. 61(F) upper foothills.

Click Here for more Information about soil temperature and evapotranspiration rates


Chilling hours/portions (hours at 32-45 degrees-F, necessary for deciduous fruit tree production, Nov.-Feb.)

What is a "Chill Hour", what is a "Chill Portion"?

Chill Portion Requirements for selected fruit and nut varieties


Nov. 1, 2017 - Feb. 28, 2018:

Chill Hours: 762-905 valley; 618-1115 foothills. Chill Portions: 67-75 valley; 72-84 foothills.

Nov. 1, 2016 - Feb. 28, 2017:

Chill Hours: 796-933 valley; 900-1350 foothills. Chill Portions: 65-75 valley; 74-93 foothills.

Nov. 1, 2015-Feb. 29, 2016:

Valley: Chill Hours: 714-896 . Chill Portions: 68-74. Foothills: Chill Hours: 744-1360. Chill Portions: 73-85

Nov. 1, 2014-Feb. 28, 2015:

Valley: 444-805 chill hours; 61-69 chill portions. Foothills: 380-1095 chill hours; 65-85 chill portions

Nov. 1, 2013 - Feb. 28, 2014:

Valley (Sac., SJ, Yolo, Sutter, Solano Cos.): 868-1230 hours Foothills (Amador, El Dorado, Placer Cos.): 567-1129 hours 

2012-2013 Chill Season Totals:

VALLEY: 1028-1325 hours; FOOTHILLS: 877-1863 hours


Wondering when is the right time to plant?

The online Farmer Fred Interactive Vegetable Planting Calendar for Northern California is for you! Click on each vegetable for specific planting information.

Also, download the printable planting calendar.


Looking for lists and pictures of plants that don't require much water? Go to:

Water-Wise Gardening Websites

This is a project undertaken in conjunction with the municipalities and water districts in many California locales. The website has a wealth of local residential photography and plant information to help homeowners improve their garden in a water efficient way.

Sacramento, El Dorado and Placer residents: click on the link - Be Water Smart .

Find a Green Gardener-certified landscaper near you:
June 14- 17, 2018  El Dorado County Fair
Join the El Dorado Master Food Preservers for tasting and demonstrations at various times during the Fair.  For additional details, check out
Location:  El Dorado County Fairgrounds, 100 Placerville Dr., Placerville, CA 95667
WHEN: Saturday, June 16, 2018, 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.
WHAT: Free Open Garden at the Horticulture Center
WHERE: Horticulture Center, 11549 Fair Oaks Blvd., Fair Oaks, CA  95628
For More Information:
UC Cooperative Extension, (916) 875-6913 or go to or
At 10 a.m., the UCCE Master Gardeners will hold mini-demonstrations on:
Soil solarization and growing sunflowers.
On going through-out the morning:
Harvesting fruit tree crops, vegetable garden pest management, harvesting blueberries and summer pruning herbs.
Bring your gardening questions to the Ask the Master Gardeners table.
Located outside.
When: Saturday June 16, 2018
10:00 am to 2:00 pm
Do you have a tree that gives you an abundance of fruit? Did you buy too much at the Farmers Market and you are wondering what to do with all that fruit? Make jam (or jelly)!!
Making jams and jellies is the most basic of boiling water bath food preserving. Most times its fruit sugar and pectin. Have you ever made them sugar free or low sugar? Have you ever made them pectin free? Does liquid make a difference than powder? Come learn the advanced methods of jams and jellies. This workshop will provide product to take home.
Bring an apron and be ready for this hands on class.
Where: Robert Cabral Ag Center, 2101 E. Earhart Ave. Stockton, CA
Cost: $25 Space is Limited!
WHEN: Wednesday, June 20, 2018, 6:30 to 8:30 pm
WHAT: Preserving Summer Favorites: Stone Fruits & Grill Sauces
WHERE: 4145 Branch Center Road, Sacramento
COST: $5, payable at the door. No reservations necessary.
FOR MORE INFORMATION: (916) 875-6913,,
Peaches, plums, apricots, cherries and more! Join UCCSE Master Food Preserver volunteers as they show you how to preserve these delicious stone fruits in fun and creative ways, from basic canned fruit to chutneys and sauces. Fruit flavored sauces add a wonderful burst of flavor to grilled meats and vegetable. Learn practical tips such as how to remove pits without destroying the fruit, how to grill fruits high in sugar, and how to make candied fruit. Leave the demo with plenty of recipes to line your pantry with beautiful preserves and sauces, and lots of ideas on how to use them in your meals.
Saturday, June 23  930-330pm
Colfax Garden Club
2018 Garden And Art Tour
6 gardens open for visiting
Flower Show Colfax Area Heritage Museum, 99 Rail St. Colfax
Tickets are available for purchase in Colfax at Colfax Farm and Country, L'orange Salon, Mane Tamers, Hansen Brothers, and Cafe Luna.
In Auburn at Eisley's Nursery and Avant Garden and in Grass Valley at Weiss Brothers Nursery and A to Z Hardware. They can also be purchased the day before and the day of the tour at the Flower Show. Tickets are $20.
more info at
WHEN: Saturday, June 23, 2018, 9:00 am to 3:00 pm
WHAT: Pressure Canning Workshop
WHERE: 4145 Branch Center Road, Sacramento
COST: $50
REGISTER: Pre-registration required at
FOR MORE INFORMATION: (916) 875-6913,,
Does the thought of using a pressure canner scare you? It shouldn't! Sign up for this hands-on workshop to learn how a pressure canner works and the multiple safety features on modern canners. Learn About It!  Science dictates why you must pressure can some foods. Learn why, which foods and how to safely process them. Pressure Can It! Under the guidance of a UCCE Master Food Preserver volunteer, can three different products and learn to use both a dial- and weighted-gauge pressure canner. Take it Home! Take a jar of each product to enjoy at home.
Thursday, June 28   7:00 PM
Sacramento Perennial Plant Club Meeting
The Power of the Plants on the Plate   
Anne Evans is a lively and well-organized speaker who will inspire you to grow and eat more plants. Evans teaches a Renaissance Society class "Creating a Healthy Kitchen" and attends numerous seminars on nutrition and disease prevention.
Shepard Garden and Arts Center
3330 McKinley Blvd, Sacramento 95816
Sat. July 14, 2018  9a-3p
Sustainable Organic Gardening
Shingle Springs Rancheria (5281 Honpie Rd, Placerville CA 95667).
To learn more and to pre-register, please visit our website or call (530)-621-5528. 
The UCCE Master Gardeners of El Dorado County are holding a new workshop titled Sustainable Organic Gardening, to be held on July 14, 2018, at the Shingle Springs Rancheria (5281 Honpie Rd, Placerville CA 95667). 
For this fun and dynamic day, Master Gardeners are collaborating with the Master Food Preservers and the Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians to offer a menu of seven topics related to sustainable home gardening. These include: traditional native plant uses, soil health, composting, beneficial plants and insects, organic plant care through integrated pest management, seed saving, and food preservation. Farm Advisor Scott Oneto will provide a keynote, then attendees will circulate through three, hour-long sections of their choice.
Doors open at 8:30am and the workshop begins promptly at 9:00am, finishing at 3:00pm. A light lunch, handouts, and samples (including surprise food treats and special zucchini preserves) are included in the $25 registration fee. Registration closes on July 10th, so please register early to ensure a seat in your preferred sections. We encourage all ages to attend, from mature high school students through elders.
Sustainable Organic Gardening will help you develop a backyard food source that's cost-effective, improves your family's nutrition and food security, and offers a healthy hobby for the whole family. Whether you have a patio container garden or a quarter acre to farm, you can grow an abundance of healthy, delicious food through sustainable organic gardening practices.

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Date Last Modified: 6/15/18
© 2018 Fred Hoffman

"Farmer Fred": is a registered trademark of Fred Hoffman